A cognitive activity that each student must go through to wrap up the learning in their own mind.
Closure could occur at different points in a lesson, usually after an important point or major learning. Many times it is appropriate at the conclusion of the lesson (typical 50-55 minute lesson).
The intellectual work should be done by the students – not the instructor summarizing for the students and telling them what they learned.


To organize student thinking/learning. To cue the learners that they have reached an important point in the lesson. To reinforce major points, to build relevance and hooks for later recall.
Depending upon the strategy or activity used, the teacher could also assess student learning/thinking.

Closure is *not* teacher centered. It is not, “Any questions?” or “Remember, here's what we did today…”

  • It is summarizing… it is the *students* doing the summarizing of the lesson or important points/concepts - each student.
  • It may be an opportunity for formative assessment. If the teacher reviews student responses it can inform future instruction.

Also see

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